Kalanchoe Carnea, commonly known as Modoc or Big Leaf Kalanchoe, is a 3 to 4 feet tall succulent with green, glabrous leaves 2 to 3 inches broad by 4 to 5 inches long and blunt scalloped margins that are reflexed beneath.
In the summer, this plant has showy pink blooms in terminal racemes peak above the foliage. This plant thrives in gloomy, neglected parts of older gardens, where it may survive without water. In whole light, with some irrigation, the plants appear nicer and will flower more frequently.
It can withstand temperatures as low as the mid-twenties Fahrenheit without harm. For many years, this plant has been grown in Southern California.
According to Mr. Stephen Jankalski, in 2002, Modoc is most likely Kalanchoe Carnea which is synonymous with K.rosea, an Indian species from Assam initially described in 1886.
Kalanchoe Carnea Scientific Information
Scientific name: Kalanchoe Carnea
Subkingdom: Vascular plants
Superdivision: Seed plants
Division: Flowering plants
Plant Type: Succulent
Kalanchoe Carnea Basic Information
Common name: Modoc or Big Leaf Kalanchoe
Height: 1.50 meters
Width: 0.25 meters
Flower color: pink
Blooming season: summer
Leaves: 2 to 3 inches wide and 4 to 5 inches long
Facts to Know about Kalanchoe Carnea
Light: Sunlight dappled (Shade through upper canopy all day); The sun is shining (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day); Shade in Parts (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
Temperature: 25 to 30 degrees Fahrenheit
Water: minimal irrigation
Soil: light and well-drained
Fertilizer: liquid fertilizer or slow-release pellets
Potting: clay pots
Propagation: leaf cutting
Kalanchoe Carnea General Care
Although not everyone is born with a green thumb, there are several tips, hacks, and tactics that can help you maintain your plants alive and well.
Here are the things you need to know about plant care if you want to be a plant parent.
Bright, sunny conditions are ideal for Kalanchoe Carnea. Therefore, place the containers in regions that get some sun but are shady to achieve this.
Place your indoor plants near a window that receives a lot of light. It is best to avoid direct and bright sunlight. It could cause the leaves or the tips of the leaves to burn.
Temperature and Humidity
Kalanchoe carnea thrives in warm climates. Even though it is a winter-hardy succulent, it will expire if the temperature drops below 55 degrees Fahrenheit or 13 degrees Celsius.
In areas where the temperature is freezing, you must protect succulents from freezing damage. Place the plants in pots inside, and use frost cloths to protect outside plants. Kalanchoe carnea thrives in low-humidity environments. It can survive in a wide range of humidity levels.
Watering is the most critical part of plant care. The drought-resistant Kalanchoe carnea is a plant that thrives in arid conditions.
It simply needs moderate watering and should be left to dry completely. If Kalanchoe carnea is overwatered, it can die; therefore, be careful when watering it.
Kalanchoe carnea grows well in any succulent soil mix. You can also make your soil media by mixing 40 to 50 percent sand, clay, and peat moss together. Make sure the soil media has adequate drainage.
Kalanchoe carnea does not require fertilization. With appropriate nutrients from the soil medium, the succulent grows well.
If you want your succulents to grow even healthier and lusher, fertilize them to give them an extra boost of nutrition.
Feed your succulents every two to four weeks or once a month with liquid fertilizer or slow-release pellets.
Maintenance and Grooming
Kalanchoe carnea is a little kalanchoe that does not need pruning regularly. You can, however, prune to your desired shape. To encourage new, vigorous growth the following season, remove any dead leaves or discarded blooms.
Pest and Disease
Aphids and mealybugs attack houseplants regularly. Guard the plant against bug infestations by cleaning the leaves and stems with 70% isopropyl alcohol.
Keep away insects can also be kept at bay by spraying neem oil or using a non-toxic insecticide.
Overwatering is another critical issue with Kalanchoe carnea. The roots of the succulents will perish if they are overwatered. Always let the excess water drain before adding the next water.
Kalanchoe Carnea Propagation
Succulent propagation, on the other hand, is far superior. Imagine being able to grow an entire plant from a single leaf, and it’s like getting to play with God’s toy box.
Below are steps on how to propagate Kalanchoe carnea.
Steps in Propagating Kalanchoe Carnea
- Remove a few leaves from your succulent plant at random, twisting the leaves gently to remove the whole leaf without hurting them. Some plants may require the use of scissors to remove a single leaf. If you’re “beheading,” cut the stem about an inch below the top of the head.
- Place the clippings in your preferred container or tray. This plant is not picky. There is no need for potting medium or water in this project. Check to determine if each has grown a callus on the cut end after about five days. Microorganisms are unable to penetrate the unprotected soft tissue as a result of this.
- Keep a watch out for root growth during the next three weeks. Leaf cuttings will begin to wither as they provide sustenance for the development of new plants.
- Fill well-draining pots with potting medium, or locate a garden site where you can plant the established roots.
- Alternatively, you can combine regular potting soil with a handful of sand or perlite. Succulents thrive in bright light and well-drained soil. In the lack of sunlight, they get pale, and in the presence of too much water, they decay.
- Plant in a sunny location in the early morning or late afternoon, when the sun is less intense. Mound earth on top of the cuttings to raise them above the edge of your container or garden surface. Gently tamp the ground down and do not water to secure the roots. Decorate with decorative stones or pebbles as desired.
- The next day, water lightly and gently push down the earth. As your new plants acclimatize to their new surroundings, their growth will accelerate. It’s time to go out and purchase some succulent or cactus food.
Callusing cuttings on top of potting mix, allowing them to root directly in the soil, are another strategy for reproducing succulents.
In addition, this method is perfect if you want to establish a potting nursery for a large number of cuttings at once; however, you must keep the soil dry while the cuttings callus and form roots.
Kalanchoe Carnea does not require repotting regularly. To replace the old soil medium with a new, richer one, you need to repot the container plants.
On average, kalanchoe succulents need repotting every two years. However, repotting this succulent employs extreme caution because its leaves are delicate and can easily break if mistreated.
Note: Clay pots, glazed ceramics containers, and any other container with adequate drainage are ideal for growing Kalanchoe carnea.