Kalanchoe is a succulent plant genus of about 120 species in the stonecrop family (Crassulaceae). The majority of the species are native to Madagascar and tropical Africa, with a few others present in Brazil and Asia.
Kalanchoes are common succulents because they are easy to grow indoors and are low-maintenance houseplants such as Kalanchoe Beharensis, Kalanchoe Mother of Thousands and etc. These plants grow brightly colored flowers with red, pink, yellow, orange, and white among the most popular.
Its flowers usually bloom in the late fall and may continue until late winter. Though some bloom all year round.
The majority of these plants reach a height of one meter, while others get a height of about six meters and grow like trees. Also, they need a lot of direct sunlight, though they can withstand bright indirect light and should only receive water when completely dry.
KALANCHOE CARE GUIDE
The majority of kalanchoe species are perennial herbaceous plants, with a few shrubs and annuals. Individual kalanchoe species may have a variety of appearances, but they all share specific characteristics. The leaves of most kalanchoe plants are large, thick, and succulent, with numerous stems.
Here are the care guide that you should consider in growing your Kalanchoe succulent:
- Since Kalanchoe plants need a lot of light to bloom, they should be in a room with plenty of natural light.
- It’s best to keep potted plants near a sunny window but keep them away from windowsills and direct sunlight.
- The optimum temperature for keeping the plant warm is 13-29 degrees Celsius (55-80 degrees F).
Well-drained, well-aerated soil is ideal for Kalanchoe plants. Choose or make a mixture that doesn’t absorb too much moisture, such as a 50/50 potting soil/cactus mix or a 60/40 peat moss/perlite mix.
You can also plant your Kalanchoe in a clay pot to ensure good drainage and prevent an excessively wet environment. This pot will help wick excess water from the soil and protect the plant’s exposed roots from rotting.
Watering the kalanchoe
If you have a habit of forgetting to water your plants now and then, a Kalanchoe, which is succulent with leaves that can store water, maybe the plant for you. The hardy plant needs only full saturation every after week and even less frequently during the winter months.
Other than that, allow your Kalanchoe’s soil to dry completely between waterings. To check if the soil is sufficiently dry or is ready to be watered, stick your finger into the first few inches of the soil mix and if you feel any moisture, you may check again after few days.
Remember, watering the Kalanchoe a few days late won’t harm the plant. Just make sure that once the soil dries out, wet it to the point of complete saturation.
Temperature and Humidity
The Kalanchoe is not as fussy as other indoor houseplants when it comes to its environment. Except for not letting the plant freeze because it cannot withstand cold temperatures, your plant can thrive in temperatures ranging from 55 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Meaning, to build the ideal indoor climate, you don’t need to do much.
On the contrary, the Kalanchoe plant is not picky when it comes to humidity and does not need a specific moisture level in the air. All you have to do is only keep the plant away from drafts and cool windowsills.
Kalanchoe, like most flowering plants, can benefit from fertilizer. Fertilizers are particularly applicable and critical during the blooming time, so feed your plant once a month during the spring and summer months with a well-balanced fertilizer mix.
If you are having trouble getting your plant to flower, look for a fertilizer containing potassium. Potassium will help your plant grow more buds the next time it blooms.
Also, to promote more blooms, pinch back or deadhead bulbs. Allow the plant to rest after deadheading and minimize watering.
Kalanchoe Propagation Tips
Just as simple as taking care of Kalanchoe, its reproduction is also effortless and does not require expertise. Self-propagation by leaves, reproduction by seeds, and stem-cutting are the options in multiplying these succulents in your garden.
By leaves: If you have an existing Kalanchoe succulent, you’ve probably noticed that it produces offsets to produce new plants. The baby plants emerge from the tips of the parent plant’s leaves and rely on the parent plant for support as they develop their roots. Therefore, taking over the propagation yourself would be quicker and easier on the plant.
By Seeds: Kalanchoe can also replicate by seeds, but this is a more complex and ineffective process.
By Stem-cutting: You can propagate Kalanchoe plants using offsets or stem cuttings. When properly cut and planted, the wounds can send out roots, resulting in the formation of a new plant.
While the roots establish themselves, the cutting will depend on the nutrients contained in its succulent leaves to survive. As a result, you’ll have a baby Kalanchoe in your backyard.
Kalanchoe has a reasonably standard propagation system for all succulents. Stem cuttings or offsets are the easiest way to spread them, and they usually root in 15-20 days.
Step 1: Begin by cutting the material.
Kalanchoe propagation should be in the spring or summer. It usually doesn’t have any flowers at this moment, indicating that it’s busy saving energy for the next bloom. That means you can use propagation to steer some of the energy into a new development.
It would help if you chose a stem that is stable and mature but not flowering. It must also be at least two inches long and have a few leaves. Make a clean cut just above a leaf or stem node with your knife or clippers.
If you’re propagating with an offset, carefully separate it from the parent plant where it connects. To live, it must have at least a couple of leaves, much like the stem cuttings.
You may use propagating as an excuse to pinch back those leggy stems because Kalanchoe is vulnerable to etiolation. Propagation will eliminate the plant’s unsightly sections while also resulting in excellent stem cutting.
Cut the stem where the leggy growth starts at the root. Then, remove the lower leaves and trim the bottom if it’s too long to make the cutting propagation ready. The parent plant will regrow where you prune the stem.
Step 2: Wait for it to dry.
Now that you’ve got your cutting, it’s time to let it dry. The wound where you cut the stem would become calloused, protecting it from disease and rot. Cuttings will take 1-3 days to heal, depending on how thick the stem is.
Dip the end of your cutting in a rooting hormone powder to facilitate fast and stable rooting.
Step 3: Planting.
Succulents need a soil mix that drains well and quickly. They despise water stock on the bottom of the pot, which causes root rot. You can purchase succulent and cactus soil almost anywhere.
Alternatively, you can make a 2:1 soil mixture of peat moss and sand (coconut coir and perlite also works). Adjust the ratio so that the soil is saturated but not soaked when watered.
If your pot is large enough, you can put many Kalanchoe plants in it. Bear in mind, however, that these baby cuttings will develop and will need room to do so. Moisten the soil in the pot you’ve picked.
Each cutting should be poked into the soil and gently patted down to keep the stems upright.
Humidity can aid in the growth of your kalanchoe cuttings. Cover the jar with a clear plastic bag to give your plant more moisture. Make a few holes or slits in the bag to allow air to circulate, and remove the bag once the cutting has begun to expand.
Step 4: Grow.
Cut in a bright, indirect light source. The best place in the house for succulents is typically a south-facing window. Keep your Kalanchoe plants out of direct sunlight, as the leaves are susceptible to sunburn. Always keep the temperature above 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
Using a spray bottle or light watering, keep the soil moist. Just water your Kalanchoe cutting when the soil begins to dry out. You can start caring for your cutting like a full-grown Kalanchoe once it has formed roots and you notice stem/leaf development.
- Your new Kalanchoe needs bright, indirect light to thrive, and if it doesn’t get enough, it will etiolate. Etiolation occurs when a portion of a plant expands toward the sun, causing the plant to become unbalanced.
- House temperature is perfect for Kalanchoe. It can survive outside in zones 9-11 or keep it in the shade when it’s out, so the lovely leaves don’t burn.
- A deep drink of water followed by a time of drought as the soil dries will benefit your Kalanchoe. Excess water will destroy this succulent, so don’t overwater it.
- You can use fertilizer to encourage flowering and growth in the spring and summer. At the start of the season, use a slow-release method or diluted liquid fertilizer every other week.
You’ll want to keep going after you’ve tried propagating a simple plant-like Kalanchoe. This method works on a wide variety of succulents and is a typical gardening experiment. After you’ve grown this plant, we recommend that you experiment with propagation on any plants you can find!