Haworthia Cooperi Var. Trucnata is a small rosette-forming and stemless houseplant succulent. Haworthia is a large genus from the Asphodelaceae family native to Southern Africa.
They are frequently compared and confused with aloes because they are from the same family. The only difference is that Haworthia is smaller than Aloes.
The generic name ‘Haworthia’ honors the British Botanist and Entomologist Adrian Hardy Haworth.
Haworthia Cooperi Var. Truncata has a fleshy round shape and thin skin leaves lined with delicate light green veins. Its blue-green translucent leaves become copper in color when exposed to direct sunlight and being drought. Each rosette can produce 20-25 round leaves.
Haworthia is a low-growing succulent and grows up to 3 inches in diameter. It blooms from spring to summer with a simple white flower. It has a single inflorescence peduncle, about 30 cm long.
Haworthia Cooperi Var. Truncata Care Guide
Haworthia is an excellent plant for beginners because they are an easy-care type of succulent. They are not considered as difficult houseplants to grow.
Below are the lists of essential care guides in growing Haworthia Cooperi Var. Truncata.
As with all succulents, Haworthias are very susceptible to overwatering. They can tolerate short periods of droughts and underwatering.
Never allow your Haworthias to sit in water for a prolonged period to prevent them from dying. Overwatering is hazardous to any succulents, especially to Haworthias, because they have fleshy leaves as their water storage. Too much water in the leaves means they cannot take the stress.
Overwatering can also be the reason to develop molds and fungi that leads to root rot. Overwatered succulents can be detected by just looking at their leaves. Suppose the outer leaves of the rosette are somehow changing their color and appearance, well. In that case, you can tell there’s something wrong with your Haworthia.
To prevent overwatering, you can also use the “soak and dry” method. This method is the process of allowing the soil to dry completely before watering again.
If overwatering happens, do not worry, you can permanently save your adorable succulent as long as detected early. Dig out your Haworthia and check how it is severely damaged. If the roots are acceptable, then you can just put them or transplant them into new fresh soil. If your Haworthia is severely damaged, cut off the roots, keep it in a dry and bright place. Let it dry for a week and plant it into the new soil.
When you water your Haworthia, pour water into the soil only and avoid wetting the leaves to prevent sunburn and rotting.
Haworthias don’t want too much moisture. They prefer to grow in sandy, rocky, and fast-draining soil.
When grown indoors, use cactus soil mix, which you can get instantly in garden centers. Create a mixture of 30% regular potting soil and 70% perlite, pumice, or coarse sand.
If you plan to move it outdoors, into the garden grounds, make sure it is well-drained. If necessary, mix the ground soil with at least 50% of either perlite/pumice or coarse sand.
In preparing a medium for your succulents, you should consider the environment and climate they are situated. If you live in areas where it barely gets sun or humid locations, make your medium more fast-draining than a regular mixture. You can apply this process to succulents grown indoors because the lighting condition and ventilation change.
If you are a succulent enthusiast, you already know that most succulents grow well in full sun. Well, Haworthias are different from other succulents. They prefer to grow in shady areas. In their natural habitat, they tend to grow under the bushes and rock overhangs.
Because they grow in the said habitat, this succulent is perfect and well suited to grow in lower light conditions indoors, such as homes and offices.
Locate your potted Haworthia in a bright area with some protection to filter the sun from the hottest ray of the day.
One indication that your Haworthia is receiving too much sunlight, the bluish-green leaves become copper in color. And by this, it tells you to move your Haworthia to a shadier part of your house or garden.
However, deep shade for a prolonged period weakens the health of your Haworthia. For a busy person, moving plants from time to time can be a hassle. You may use artificial grow light if you don’t want moving plants.
If your Haworthias spent the whole winter season indoors, introduce them to bright sunlight gradually to prevent sunburn.
Growing Haworthias indoors adorns your home or offices, especially when potted in an adorable pot.
The best pot for Haworthia, especially for Haworthia Cooperi, is a shallow medium-size pot, three to four inches in diameter. A shallow medium-size pot is suitable for a low-growing succulent like Haworthia.
Haworthia is a slow-growing succulent allowing it to stay in the same pot for years. However, if you want to keep your Haworthia healthy and well, repot your Haworthia every two to three years to replace the soil with fresh soil. Also, repot your Haworthias if they have outgrown the pot.
Repotting Haworthia is usually done during the fall season because they are summer-dormant succulents. It is also the best time to remove the offsets from their mother plant.
Haworthia Cooperi can’t tolerate too much cold during winter. So, natural room temperature indoors during winter is perfect for Haworthias.
Haworthias do well in temperatures ranging from 75°F to 90°F. Do not expose your Haworthia to temperatures lower than 30°F.
Generally, Haworthias are non-toxic, but coming into contact with the sap can cause a rash.
Do not fertilize your Haworthia during the dormancy period, which is in the summer season.
Note: Do not fertilize newly potted Haworthia for the first year.
Haworthia does not require pruning. Just remove the dry leaves from the rosette to maintain its beauty.
Haworthia genus is going dormant during the peak of the summer months. It can tolerate high heat but slows down the growth or being in the dormancy period.
Unlike other succulents that require more frequent watering during the summer months, Haworthias don’t need to water frequently. The dormancy period lasts for six to eight weeks.
Propagating Haworthia Cooperi Var. Truncata
You can propagate Haworthia Cooperi Var. Truncata in two simple ways, through seeds and offsets.
Propagation through seeds is easy if you are patient enough to wait for your Haworthia to become fully grown.
Prepare a tray or a shallow dish and filled it with a cactus mix. Lightly water or spray the substrate with water to make it moisture. After that, spread the Haworthia seed on the substrate and cover it with a thin layer of the cactus mix, just enough to cover the seeds.
Keep the tray in a warm and bright area but do not expose it to direct sunlight. The seeds should germinate in about two to three weeks.
The easiest way to propagate Haworthia is through offsets. Haworthias, like other succulents, produce offsets over time. These offsets or pups can be reproduced and make new plants.
When propagating Haworthias through offsets, dig out the mother plant exposing the roots to check the pups you will use in propagation. Carefully cut off the offsets from the mother plant, including their roots.
After removing the offsets from the mother plant, transfer them into their new pot filled with a cactus mix. Do not water them immediately. Lightly mist the soil of the baby Haworthias once in a while and back to regular watering until it is fully developed.
Another thing, if you cut the offset without roots, let it dry for about 2-3 days until it callous before planting it into the soil.
Haworthia Cooperi Var. Truncata Pest and Problems
Unlike other succulents, Haworthia Cooperi is usually free of pests. But the most common problem in growing Haworthia Cooperi, especially if you live in tropical climates, is the bacteria called Erwinia carotovora.
Erwinia carotovora is a plant pathogen belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae. It is a gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium caused by bacteria entering wounds or natural openings of the plant.
Injuries can be from insect damage, pet damage, accidentally knocking the plant with gardening tools, etc. On cactus plants, it will take at least a week for a wound to scab over, depending, of course, on the size of the damage.
There is no cure for this disease. The best way to handle this bacteria is to take preventive measures to avoid it—regular cleaning of gardening tools and disinfecting between each use.