Haworthia is a type of succulent that is easy to care for and are low-maintenance plants. These plants are native to Africa, and you can find them primarily in rocky places.
There are more than 100 species of Haworthia, and all of them have unique features of their own. Most Haworthias are slow-growing and relatively small.
If you plan to collect or plant Haworthias, that is an excellent idea because you don’t need to spend lots of money on them. This article will help you on your journey of caring and propagating Haworthias.
How to care for Haworthia?
Haworthias doesn’t require 24 hours of care but still needs to be lookout to from time to time, especially every change of season. The most important thing to know about caring for Haworthias is the proper watering schedule and sun exposure they need.
The proper location of the plant is one of the most important to consider. Suppose you want to see the best appearance that a Haworthia can offer.
In that case, you need to place them in a comfortable location to get enough sun exposure. It is also important to know what kind of Haworthia you will plant because they all differ on preferred sun exposure. Some require only partial shade, and some want full sun. Others can also thrive when placed in a window facing east or west to get morning sun. So, for you to know what sun exposure your Haworthia needs, you need to do some research.
During winter, it usually is difficult to have complete and prolonged sun exposure. So what can you do about this? You can use grow lights such as fluorescent or LED lights. Using these tools will help your Haworthia to thrive even without sun exposure.
Remember that when you use grow lights, it is necessary to rotate the succulent from time to time to avoid burning its foliage. The grow lights must also be far from the Haworthia, 6-12 inches far for fluorescent lamps, and 18-24 inches far for LED lights. If the grow light is too close to the succulent, it may also lead to burnt leaves.
Humidity and Temperature
Haworthias prefer good air movement but can still thrive in dry air and average home humidity. The best temperature for Haworthias is 75 – 90 0F (24 – 32 0C), where it is not too cold nor too hot.
Still, some types of Haworthias can tolerate a low temperature of 40 0Fs. Some Haworthias are also frost-hardy, like the Haworthia Chloracantha and Haworthia Viscosa. These two succulents can survive even with -5 0C.
Haworthias are drought tolerant and can survive even without water for months. These plants require less frequent watering as they hate to sit in moist soil for an extended time.
You can water your succulent once a week every two weeks in summer and once a month in winter. It is also best to follow the “soak and dry method.” Using this technique, you’ll quickly know when is the perfect time to water your plant. Too much moisture retention can lead to root rot which is a common problem for most succulents.
On the other hand, underwatering may cause unpleasantly-looking leaves. Another technique that you can do in terms of watering is to avoid wetting the plant’s leaves.
It takes long before the leaves absorb the water, so in this case, leaf-rot is more likely to happen. You can also use rainwater in watering your Haworthia. Rainwater is beneficial for your plant as it contains just enough minerals that help plants to grow.
Haworthias are relatively slow-growing, and they do not require fertilizers often. However, you can still fertilize Haworthia with diluted fertilizer only during its growing season.
Use a weak fertilizer for the Haworthias and avoid using strong ones. Newly potted Haworthias must not be fertilized in their first year but can be in the following year.
Haworthias do not require frequent pruning. The best way to help your succulent is to remove dead leaves from the plant altogether. Doing this will avoid possible bacterial infection that is genuinely harmful to Haworthia.
Repotting your Haworthia doesn’t need to be done monthly. You can report your succulent once a year or every two years. Haworthias are small in size, so they tend to stay in a pot for a long time.
However, repotting is still necessary to provide fresh soil and minerals to the plant. It is important to remember that planting or repotting the succulent removes all the previous soil mix clings into the plant’s roots to eliminate possible bacteria in the old soil.
Remove as well some unhealthy roots of the plant before planting it. Please take note and not water a newly replanted succulent to give it some time to recover and cope up in its new home.
The soil to be used must be well-draining and porous to avoid too much water retention. It must be composed of a potting soil mix, perlite or pumice, and coarse sand.
You can also add a tiny amount of turface but not too much since it is made up of calcium clay and has small pores. The soil must also be breathable and non-compacting to provide good aeration to the Haworthia. Doing this will surely help the plant to breathe in and absorbs necessary nutrients.
You can also use any containers such as ceramic, plastic, or terra cotta. But since Haworthias are small, they do not require large and deep containers, so avoid using such except when making an arrangement.
Ensure that the pot you are going to use has enough drainage holes to remove excess water and helps avoid water retention. When the Haworthia has fully grown, you can report it and plant it in a bigger pot to accommodate its extensive roots.
Like any other succulents, you can also arrange your Haworthias in a large pot. But make sure that the Haworthias you will put in one pot must have the same hardiness.
Also, in making your arrangement, put small Haworthias in front, the focal ones are in the middle, and the large ones must be at the back. Doing this will ensure that each plant gets enough sun exposure they need without overlapping each other.
The primary illness or problem that a Haworthia can get is root rot. Overwatering is the leading cause of root and leaf rot. As you may already know, Haworthias are not different from other succulents.
They also hate to sit in moist soil for a very long time. So to avoid this problem, it is essential to understand and follow its watering schedule.
Another problem that your plant might encounter has unpleasantly-looking leaves. If your plant’s foliage looks dry and wrinkled and is brown, the problem is underwatering. Though this kind of succulent is drought tolerant, it still needs water to survive. So better to avoid this habit.
How to save an overwatered and underwatered Haworthia?
- To save an overwatered Haworthia, you need to report it. After you repot the succulent, separate it from other plants and let it recover. Provide enough sun exposure and avoid letting your succulents sit in the water again.
- To save an underwatered Haworthia, adjust the watering habits. You don’t need to replant the succulent. You need to give more water to the plant once a week or once every two weeks. It is noticeable after few weeks that your succulent is returning to its original and healthy-looking appearance.
When it comes to problems, the main enemy of Haworthias are insects and mealy bugs. Most of the time, these pests hide in rosettes, so it isn’t easy to find them, so it is essential to take a closer look at your succulent.
When you found some pests hiding in your plant, use a houseplant insecticide or alcohol with 70% solution to move away from those pests, then separate the succulents to other plants.
Haworthias are safe for humans and pets, so it is safe to have them around. However, this kind of plant is not edible, so do not eat them as it may cause diarrhea and stomach ache.
Other Important Information
- Do not use ice cubes and cold water in watering your Haworthia. You can use that in other plants but not in Haworthia. Using such is risky and not advisable. It may cause shock to the roots of the succulents and will eventually harm the plant.
- Avoid watering the Haworthia in the afternoon and evening. Since there is no sunlight during those times, it isn’t easy to dry out the soil and lead to water retention.
- Overcrowding the succulents in one pot is also a bad idea. The Haworthias will compete for nutrients. Therefore, some might absorb nutrients, and some might not, especially the smaller ones with small roots.
Tips: You can put a paper towel or coffee filter inside the pot before planting your Haworthia. Doing this will prevent the soil from falling out from the pot’s drainage holes and helps drains water.
Propagation of Haworthia
There are three quick ways on how to propagate Haworthias. These methods only require tender care and a small number of efforts since it is a piece of cake.
Before propagating your Haworthia, you need to prepare these materials first.
- Seeds, calloused offset and leaf
- A well-draining soil mix
Propagating Haworthia by Offsets
In multiplying Haworthia by its offset, carefully removed the baby plant from its mother using a shovel. Let the offset form callous for few days.
When ready, prepare a pot with well-draining soil, then plant the offset to its new home. Do not water the soil mix immediately and let the offset recover for a week before watering.
Propagating Haworthia by Leaf Cuttings
Reproducing Haworthia by its leaf is easy as well. In doing this, choose mature and healthy leaves from the main plant.
Carefully cut them using a knife or a scissor. Ensure to remove all the parts of the leaf and not leave any part in the stem. Let the leaves form callous for few days. After that, prepare a container with well-draining soil, then laid flat the leaves until they grow roots. When this happened, prepare small pots for each leaf, then plant them carefully.
Make sure to provide enough sunlight for this propagation to be successful.
Propagating Haworthia by Seeds
In this method, you need to secure quality seeds. Then prepare a container with well-draining soil. Let the seeds sit there until they grow roots which will take about 3 to 4 weeks.
Do not forget to water the soil and provide enough sunlight. Afterward, plant the seeds in separate pots until they grow.
Haworthias are must-have indoor and outdoor plants. They are easy to grow, decorative and you can choose from a variety of species. Each kind comes with an odd yet beautiful appearance. Their colors and shapes are different too.
Who wouldn’t love Haworthias? Proper watering and enough sun exposure are all they need! You don’t need to spend too much money since they are low-maintenance plants too. If you need a guide for your Haworthia journey, this article is written just for you. Happy planting!