Different Types of Haworthia– Haworthia is a large genus of succulents that are small in size and are slow-growing plants. It is unbelievable that these succulents come with different leaf shapes, flower sizes, colors, and hardiness zone.
If you wonder where this succulent type comes from, it was after the British botanist and entomologist Adrian Hardy Haworth. These types of succulents are known to be container or garden plants. And like any other succulents, they also produce unique flowers during their blooming seasons. Those flowers are usually white in color and small in size.
Different Types of Haworthia Succulents
Did you know how many species are under this type of Haworthia Succulent plants? Well, there are about 150 species of them. Isn’t it amazing? Most of these succulents are solitary, and some are clump-forming. You can further read below some of the different types of Haworthia succulents.
1. Haworthia Coarctata
Haworthia Coarctata or Haworthiopsis Coarctata is a succulent native from South Africa. It is a slow-growing and clump-forming succulent that has exciting features. Haworthia coarctata has dark-green rosettes with pink and curved tips.
This succulent is not cold-hardy and can tolerate Zone 10a (minimum 30 0F -1.1 0C). It is also a dormant summer type of succulent but still prefers partial shade to full sun. When this succulent grows, expect that it can reach 8 inches in height and 2 inches wide.
You can propagate Haworthia Coarctata by its offsets, seeds, or leaves. It is easy to care succulent and only requires typical watering.
2. Haworthia Margaritifera
This succulent is known for many names: Haworthia Pumila or Pearl plant, Cushion Aloe, and Fasciata Zebra cactus plant. With its unique and adorable appearance, it is surprisingly a low-maintenance plant.
When this succulent grows, it can reach up to 4 inches in height and 6 inches wide. When its rosettes grow, you can expect that they grow in clumps. The leaves of Haworthia Margaritifera tend to grow upward in a curving position.
Like any other succulents, the blooming season of this plant is during spring. And when it blooms, it produces thin flower stalks. Another piece of information about this succulent is that it can thrive in partial shade to full sun.
Still, it cannot withstand below 53o degrees Fahrenheit. A fascinating fact about Haworthia Margaritifera is it can live up to 30 years! Isn’t it amazing?
3. Haworthia Venosa
This succulent is native to the Southern part of Africa and Namibia. It has other names, such as Haworthia Tessellata, but most Africans called it Venstertjie. This plant is not like any other plant because it is adaptable to both cool and hot places.
Though Haworthia Venosa still prefers low humidity with medium light and not direct sunlight. It can still survive during winter with 15 0C or 59 0F temperature. Many gardeners and succulent collectors love this plant because of its beautiful leaf markings and color.
When properly taken care of, Haworthia Venosa can grow up to 5 inches in height. And during the summer season, you can expect some tiny and white-colored flowers on the top of its stem. It is also good to know that this succulent is non-toxic to humans and pets, so it is safe to have this plant anywhere you want.
4. Haworthia Attenuata
Haworthia attenuata is commonly mistaken for Haworthia fasciata. Both of these succulents have a unique feature: zebra stripes that surround each leaf of the plants.
However, Haworthia attenuata has worthy growths and thick leaves than Haworthia fasciata. The rosettes of Haworthia attenuata can grow up to 8 inches tall and 5 inches wide, and these rosettes come in clumps.
During the summer season, which is blooming, this succulent produces tiny pink or white flowers on the top end of the stem. Haworthia Attenuata’s growing season is from April to September. And this succulent loves bright sun, so when placed indoors, it rarely blooms.
5. Haworthia Fasciata
The name of this succulent came from the Latin word “fascia,” which means “band or strip.” Because of those white stripes around its leaves, it is also called Zebra Haworthia.
You can find this plant in the Southern part of Africa. Aside from its unique lines, it has dark-green leaves, thick and triangular. Even though Haworthia fasciata is a relatively small succulent and can only grow for about 5 inches, it still produces flowers.
These white-colored flowers appear in spring or summer. This succulent is also not cold hardy and loves bright sun, but can still grow well indoors. Aside from that, it is also drought tolerant and summer dormant. Haworthia fasciata is safe to have around since it is non-toxic to humans and pets. It is indeed true that Haworthia fasciata is a rare plant.
6. Haworthia Cuspidata
The name “Cuspidata” came from the Latin word “cupidatus,” which means “pointed.” It has a scientific name of Haworthia Cymbiformis, but this succulent is widely popular as Star Window Plant.
Haworthia cuspidata is known for having unusual rosettes such as pointed tips and grey-green obovate leaves. These rosettes can grow up to 4 inches in diameter. Even though Haworthia cuspidata is a stemless plant, it can still produce flowers.
Some white-colored flowers appear in inflorescence in late spring or mid-summer, which adds beauty to the plant. For this plant to achieve its best appearance, it requires partial shade to full sun.
It will take time before Haworthia Cuspidata becomes a mature succulent since it belongs to the slow-growing kind of succulents.
7. Haworthia Truncata
If a word can describe this succulent, that word is oddly beautiful. Haworthia Truncata is a rare plant and is a native of Cape Province, South Africa.
This succulent is known for having leaves that look like a horse’s teeth. These leaves grow in thick clusters for about 3 to 5 inches in height. The small leaves are green in color and rectangular in shape. This kind of succulent forms inflorescence stalks where white flowers appear in summer.
Haworthia Truncata is an easy to care plant that only needs typical watering and partial shade to full sun. It is adaptable to temperature changes and can withstand light frost but not lower than 41 0F.
8. Haworthia Springbokvlakensis
This succulent is not a common type of plant. It has unique features such as brown stripes on its transparent, gray-green leaves.
Aside from that, Haworthia Springbokvlakensis’s foliage has rounded leaf tips, which makes it more adorable.
Those leaves can grow up to 2 to 3 inches in height and 0.6 wide. This type of succulent is typically tiny and slow-growing. In summer, it produces beautiful white flowers. Most gardeners love this plant because it is easy to care for and not challenging to grow.
9. Haworthia Bolusii
This stemless succulent can grow up to 6 inches in height. It has fleshy green leaves that can grow up to 3.2 inches wide. Haworthia Bolusii’s foliage is incurved in shape and extends inwardly in a curvy direction.
When you look closer, this succulent has translucent thorns on its margins, and from afar, those thorns look like a spider web. In late spring to early summer, Haworthia Bolusii produces small white flowers with brown veins.
For this succulent to grow, it needs a warm temperature in summer and a cool temperature in winter. Too much heat and cold might harm this plant.
10. Haworthia Angustifolia
Haworthia Angustifolia gets its name from the Latin words “Angus,” which means “narrow,” and “folium,” which means “leaf.” That is why it is also called Narrow-leaved Haworthia.
This plant is native to South Africa, and unlike most Haworthia’s, Haworthia Angustifolia is a fast-growing succulent. The only similarity of this succulent to others is its height. Haworthia Angustifolia is relatively small and can only grow up to 3.2 inches in diameter and 4 inches in height.
Its rosette is composed of soft, narrow, and fleshy-green leaves that grow in a vertical direction. In spring, this plant produces white flowers that grow in inflorescence. It also prefers partial shade rather than full sunlight.
11. Haworthia Chloracantha
This succulent is a famous garden or container plant. It has yellow-green leaves and a red center that grows in clumps. Each rosette has 18-25 leaves which can grow up to 1.6 inches long.
It is a low-maintenance plant that can thrive in partial shade and only requires very little and seldom watering. Haworthia Chloracantha is also frost-hardy and can survive in a place with a temperature of -5oC.
The best month to plant this succulent is in March, when it is actively growing. And its blooming time is in summer, where it produces small white flowers.
12. Haworthia Reinwardtii
Haworthia Reinwardtii is a small clump-forming succulent known as African Pearls. The leaves at the bottom of the plant are huge, and there are visibly small white warts at the back of each leaf that are rough in texture.
This plant can grow up to 8 inches in height, and you can propagate it in seeds or offsets. Haworthia reinwardtii is not cold hardy and prefers warmer temperatures to grow beautifully. It produces white flowers in spring and is relatively non-toxic to humans and pets.
13. Haworthia Viscosa
This succulent is one of the unique types of Haworthia. It has elongated rosettes packed with three-column triangular leaves.
Each leaf can reach 1.6 inches in height and has a green to reddish color. Haworthia Viscosa is also frost hardy succulent and can withstand -5 0C. This succulent produces white to pinkish flowers that appear in inflorescence.
It is best to plant this succulent in March when growing season and place it in partial shade to achieve its best color.
14. Haworthia Nigra
Haworthia Nigra is also known as Black Haworthia and is native to South Africa. It has rosettes that can grow up to 10 cm tall and 6 cm wide.
It has visible dark green to almost black colored leaves that grow in three columns and is triangular. Haworthia Nigra is a slow-growing but low-maintenance plant. It doesn’t require much effort to develop this succulent.
It can thrive as long as you provide partial shade and minimal watering. Like any other Haworthias, Haworthia Nigra also produces white flowers in spring. This plant is non-toxic to humans and pets, so it is safe to have it around.
15. Haworthia Emelyae
Haworthia Emelyae or Haworthia Picta is a small succulent that grows fleshy green leaves in a triangular shape. Each leaf has white lines that look like veins. Haworthia emelyae can grow up to 5 inches tall. In spring, it produces white flowers that are relatively small and scentless.
16. Haworthia Bayeri
This succulent is also called “Moon Shadow.” It is slow-growing but one of the most loved types of Hawothias because of its undeniably beautiful markings.
Haworthia bayeri has dark-colored leaves with rounded tips. From spring to summer, this plant produces whitish-green flowers.
It is a low-maintenance plant, so there is no need to spend lots of money. Haworthia bayeri is also adaptable to different temperatures but still prefers warm temperatures in summer and cool in winter.
17. Haworthia Cooperi Picturata
Haworthia Cooperi Picturata is a small stemless succulent. It has yellow-green leaves that grow in a curvy inner direction which forms clumps.
Each leaf has green linings, pointed tips, and small white thorns. Haworthia Cooperi Picturata produces pinkish-white flowers from spring to summer. This type of Haworthia is a must-have succulent, and it is a great indoor or outdoor plant.
18. Haworthia Hybrid Cooperi var. Venusta x Chocolate
This type of Haworthia is a hybrid with astonishing reddish-brown colored leaves. Its leaves are thick and rough and have a triangular shape.
When full-grown, this succulent can reach 5 inches tall—Haworthia Hybrid Cooperi var. Venusta x Chocolate or Haworthia Chocolate prefers partial shade to full sun. It is also drought-tolerant so that it can thrive without water for weeks or months.
19. Haworthia Koelmaniorum
Haworthia Koelmaniorum is a type of Haworthia that is native to the Northern part of South Africa. It is a succulent that changes color over time, from brownish green to reddish color. Its leaves are rough and thick.
In summer, this Haworthia produces white flowers. Bright light is required for this plant to achieve its natural color and thrive. Unlike other Haworthias, Haworthia Koelmaniorum rarely has an offset.
20. Haworthia Transiens
Haworthia Transiens is a stemless plant that has fleshy light green foliage. Its leaves are somewhat round with pointed red tips. Even though this type of Haworthia is a great indoor or outdoor plant, it can only grow up to 2 inches tall since it is a relatively small succulent.
The 20 listed different types of Haworthia succulents above are only some of the must-haves. Haworthias are easy to care for, and you can choose from a wide range of choices. They may all look similar in size, but their unique features are different from one another. It is truly impossible to resist the beauty of this kind of plant. It is also good to know that Haworthias are human and pet-friendly, with low-maintenance house plants.
If you want more HAWORTHIA CARE GUIDE AND PROPAGATION TIPS, click the link and you will see our tips and guide to care the Haworthia.