Kalanchoe blossfeldiana is an herbaceous and widely cultivated house plant hybridized and sold as floral plants, even before succulents became fashionable in general.
This plant is endemic to Madagascar and is often called Supermarket kalanchoe, Flaming Katy, Christmas kalanchoe, Florist kalanchoe, and Madagascar widow’s-thrill.
Kalanchoe blossfeldiana have dark green scalloped leaves and bouquet-like flower clusters that range in warm colors, multicolored combinations, and even cream or white.
This plant has a high commercial value since it can withstand conditions that would kill most non-succulent plants. It also pairs well with other succulents since it provides vibrant color for weeks at a time.
Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana Scientific Information
Scientific name: Kalanchoe blossfeldiana
Super order: Saxifraganae
Species: Kalanchoe blossfeldiana
Common name: Supermarket Kalanchoe
Height: 12 to 18 inches
Width: 4 to 20 inches
Foliage: Green, shiny, textured
Flower Color: red, pink, orange, gold, white, cream
Blooming Season: late autumn until the beginning of winter
Leaves: oblong 2 to 4 inches
Facts to Know
Light: morning sun
Temperature: away from frost and extreme heat
Soil: moist but not soggy
Fertilizer: Liquid fertilizer
Potting: clay pot
Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana “Supermatket Kalanchoe” General Care
Since Kalanchoe blossfeldiana requires full sunlight to thrive, they should be kept in a light-filled environment. If you’re going to grow this succulent in a pot, place it next to a window ledge where the morning sun shines and keep it away from intense heat. Meanwhile, make sure it gets plenty of light if you’re going to put it in a greenhouse. Remember, partial sunlight is not advisable.
The Kalanchoe blossfeldiana is environmentally sensitive, though it is not as fussy as other indoor houseplants. In addition, this plant thrives in temperatures ranging from 55 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit, which means you won’t have to do much to create the ideal indoor environment, aside from not letting it freeze.
Meanwhile, for outdoors, this succulent requires a temperature of around 45 degrees Fahrenheit or higher to survive because they are native to tropical and subtropical climates. Temperatures between 65 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit are ideal for its growth and blooming.
The problem with growing kalanchoes is that we tend to overwater them. So, we must remember that for our Kalanchoe blossfeldiana to give us a flowery view, a moderate amount of water is what it needs.
Since kalanchoe retains water in their waxy leaves, we should not allow this plant to sit in water. Soak and dry is the handiest way to water this succulent. And it should be kept underhand to avoid overwatering.
Kalanchoes thrive in soil that is well-drained and aerated. To ensure that the soil mix you are using is correct, use a cactus, or succulent soil drains well. If you cannot find this for your Kalanchoe blossfeldiana, you may mix sand or perlite into regular potting soil in a 50/50 potting soil/cactus mix or a 60/40 peat moss/perlite mix to improve water drainage.
Clay pots are also suitable for planting your succulents as it helps to ensure proper drainage and avoid overwatering. In addition, this will aid in the wicking of excess water from the soil.
Your kalanchoe, just like you, needs to be fed regularly to stay healthy. Since it will become hungry about a month after planting, use a liquid fertilizer to satisfy its hunger. Remember, reading and following the directions could be of great help to fertilize your Kalanchoe blossfeldiana properly.
Maintenance and Grooming
Being a common houseplant, little to no maintenance is what a Kalanchoe blossfeldiana requires. All you need to do is deadheading where you remove spent flowers to keep the pots and your garden clean looking.
Also, when the watering time arrives, make sure to spray the plant itself to remove dust and keep its leaves and flowers fresh-looking.
Pest and Disease
Succulents like Kalanchoe blossfeldiana are known to be pest and disease-resistant. So, they only require minimum to no maintenance at all. However, when watering them, you may still check if there are mites, beetles, or other insects and use mild pesticides to address the problem.
Being a plant enthusiast is a fun experience nowadays that succulents became a trend. So, succulent propagation is considered far superior.
Propagating your existing plant and using them in updating your garden is a beautiful idea. Imagine being able to grow an entire plant from a single leaf; it’s like getting to play with God’s toy box. Plus, you can have a new set of fresh succulents by just making a little effort, and it would not require you to spend much.
Kalanchoe blossfeldiana is a type of succulent that can be reproduced through stem cutting or leaf cutting. Enumerated below are steps on how to propagate this ornamental plant.
Steps in Propagating
To start your cutting, choose a healthy leaf or stem.
Step 2: With a pair of scissors, cut the healthy leaves or stem multiple times.
Step 3: For a few days, for callous to grow, place the cuttings in a warm, dry place. But make sure not to over-dry it for propagation would not be possible if moisture is gone.
Step 4: Plant the cutting into the perfect cactus soil mixture once you see that the callouses are enough.
Step 5: To keep the plant moist during the first few days, sprinkle it with water. But do not exaggerate as too much water may rot the developing roots. Also, avoid too much sun exposure as it will result in withering.
Step 6: Once the plant is already established, around 3 to 4 weeks after, care for it in a way you would take care of a full-grown Kalanchoe blossfeldiana.
Just a little and fun experiment! A kalanchoe plant, like amaryllis, requires at least 14 hours of darkness every day for six weeks to flower. Please place it in a closet or cabinet overnight (from 6 p.m. to 8 a.m.), and reduce watering and feeding. You should notice the first signs of colorful blooms around six weeks. You can then begin letting your kalanchoe out at night once more. Of course, if this seems like too much effort, you can start over with a fresh blooming plant.
Things to Remember:
- Supermarket kalanchoes, like most succulents, require good air circulation, three to four hours of bright but not scorching sun per day (morning sun is optimum), shelter from cold and extreme heat, and moist but not soggy soil.
- Wait until the next cycle to water the plants. If there’s a drawback to these succulents, it’s that they’ll bloom themselves to exhaustion. They’ll bounce back with a bit of tender loving care.
- Remove spent flowers by deadheading. The plants are repeat bloomers, which may seem obvious. With the old flowers out of the way, they’ll perform better and look better.
- To create floral-style arrangements, combine with rosette succulents. With rose, pink, and teal echeverias, supermarket kalanchoes with cream or pastel blossoms look lovely.
- Because growers have control over the bloom cycle, they keep a stock of Kalanchoe blossfeldiana in bloom all year. If the plants have 14 hours of absolute darkness and eight hours of sunlight every day, they will rebloom reliably every six weeks.
- In the spring, those in the garden will blossom again. If you wish to force flowering, cover with a box at night and expose them in the morning to give them the 14 hours of darkness they need.
- Feed once a month with a weak liquid fertilizer, as directed on the packet.
- If your supermarket kalanchoes begin to fade after several bloom cycles, consider cuttings if you wish to keep the same hue or remove the plants. It’s simple to find replacements.