Haworthia Truncata is an oddly beautiful is the word that can describe this peculiar succulent. Haworthia Truncata is one of the rare plants that you can find in Cape Province, South Africa.
This succulent is known for having unusual leaves that look like a horse’s teeth. That is why it is commonly known as “Horse’s Teeth Haworthia.” It is a small plant with leaves that grow in a thick cluster for about 3 to 5 inches in height.
The small leaves are green in color and rectangular in shape. This kind of succulent forms inflorescence stalks where white flowers appear in late spring or early summer. Haworthia Truncata is an easy to care plant that only needs typical watering and partial shade to full sun.
It is adaptable to temperature changes and can withstand light frost but not lower than 41 0F. Haworthia Truncata is mainly grown as a houseplant but is also a good decoration in outdoor gardens. This kind of Haworthia is indeed an eye-catching and must-have plant.
Quick Facts about Haworthia Truncata
Scientific name: Haworthia Truncata Schöland
Botanical Name: Haworthia Truncata
Common name: Horse’s Teeth Haworthia
Origin: Cape Province, South Africa
Flower color: White
Foliage color: Green
Haworthia Truncata Care Guide
Below are some of the necessary information you need to know and do for your Haworthia Truncata. Remember that, like any other plant, Haworthia Truncata also needs to be taken care of to grow.
In watering the Haworthia Truncata, you can use the “soak and dry method,” wherein you’ll let the soil dries out completely before watering again. You can also make your watering schedule.
For instance, if you notice that the soil dries two weeks after you last water it, then it means that you need to water the soil mix after every two weeks. Simple, isn’t it? One of the factors that can harm your Haworthia Truncata is too long water retention. Because succulents like hate to sit in water as it causes root rot.
In watering this plant, use a water bottle or any similar tool instead of a spray bottle. Why? Because it ensures that the leaves of the plant don’t get wet. Wetting the leaves may also lead to leaf rot as leaves cannot absorb all the water that is in them.
In addition to this, rainwater is excellent water to use in watering Haworthia Truncata. It contains just enough mineral that is beneficial to your plant.
Haworthia Truncata prefers bright light or full sun rather than deep shade. But it can still thrive in partial shade or a sunny window.
Indoor – If you put your Haworthia Truncata indoors, ensure that it still gets enough sun exposure. Better to place it in a sunny windowpane facing east or west direction to get morning sun.
Outdoor – If you place the succulent in an outside garden, avoid direct sunlight. Though Haworthia Truncata loves bright light, direct sunlight is still harmful to its leaves as it can cause sunburn.
So, to prevent that from happening, only let the plant absorb sunlight for 6 hours a day, from morning and before the sun gets too hot. If it is a hustle for you to do that, you can just put the Haworthia Truncata in partial shade, where it can also get sun exposure.
Does Haworthia Truncata need repotting?
Yes, Haworthia Truncata needs to be repotted but not always. It can be annually or after every two years.
Repotting is beneficial for the plant as it provides fresh and fertile soil and necessary minerals. It can also help avoid bacterial infection, which the succulent can get from its previous soil mix.
In repotting your plant, you need to remove the soil that clings to its roots to avoid bacteria from transferring into its new soil mix. After repotting, let the plant recover for two to three days before watering.
The best soil to use for your succulent is a well-draining one with good aeration and non-compacting. It is composed of all-purpose potting soil mix, sand, and perlite or pumice.
Other gardeners also add coconut coir for better drainage. There are many available ready-made soil mixes out there, but you can also make your own. In making your soil mix, you may follow the guide below for more information.
In measuring the ingredients, you need to mix the following:
- Three parts all-purpose potting soil mix
- Two parts coarse sand (avoid using turface because it is made up of clay and helps water retention)
- 1 part perlite or pumice
- A small amount of coconut coir
Take note: You can constantly adjust the ingredients depending on how much soil mix you needed. Adding coarse sand can also be done.
Hardiness and Temperature
Haworthia Truncata is not cold hardy and prefers warm temperatures. But it can still tolerate light frost because it can adapt to a different temperature. It can withstand a low temperature of 30-50 0F. However, being exposed to too much coldness for a long time is dangerous for Haworthia Truncata.
Is fertilizer required? Feeding your succulent, a diluted and weak fertilizer in its growing season (spring) is beneficial for the plant.
Does Haworthia Truncata need pruning?
You must remove the dead leaves or broken leaves from the plant to avoid infecting its neighboring leaves. Such leaves are an indication of pest infection which is dangerous for the Haworthia Truncata.
Therefore, if you see broken or dead leaves on your plant, immediately remove them to save the succulent.
Pots to Use for Haworthia Truncata
There are different pots that you can use in your Haworthia Truncata. There are pots made from ceramic, plastic, terra cotta, wood, metal, and cats-stone pots. But no matter what type of pot you use, it is essential to consider the following factors.
- Drainage – Making sure that the pot has enough holes to drain excess water is a must. If you did not dampen the water properly, it may cause root rot and will undoubtedly harm the plant. If there are not enough holes in your pot, you can always add.
- Pot Size – Considering the pot size is also necessary. Since Haworthia Truncata is a relatively small succulent, it doesn’t require a deep and large pot (except for succulent arrangements). If the plant is an offset, use a small-sized container, and if it has already grown and fully matured, transfer it in a medium-sized pot for its roots to have space to stretch out.
Arranging succulents in a large pot is a great idea. Most gardeners and succulent lovers also do this. But in making a succulent arrangement, you need to note that you group the succulents with the same hardiness.
Those succulents with different hardiness must not be together because it is harmful to them. Consider also the sizes of the succulents and ensure to place the small ones in front, mid-sized succulents in the middle, and the bigger ones at the back.
Making sure that they do not overlap one another is an essential factor. Doing this will ensure that each of them will get enough sun exposure and essential minerals.
Pests, Bugs, and Insects
Mealybugs and aphids are the main enemies of Haworthia Truncata. Those tiny cotton-looking pests put your succulents in danger. They usually hide in the rosettes or at the back part of the plant’s leaves.
In solving this problem, isolate the affected plant to avoid infecting its neighboring plants. Then, use a houseplant insecticide or alcohol with 70% solution and spray it to the affected leaves of the Haworthia Truncata. Continuously do this until pests no longer come back to the plant.
Aside from the pests that can harm your Haworthia Truncata, some infections may also occur, such as root/leaf rot, wrinkled and sunburned leaves.
The main reason for having root/leaf rot is overwatering, while wrinkled, dry, and unpleasantly-looking leaves are caused by underwatering. On the other hand, Sunburned leaves result from too much sun exposure or the plant was placed in direct sunlight.
How to solve these diseases?
Solving such problems won’t take much time because they are easy to do.
- Root or leaf rot – If your Haworthia Truncata is experiencing root rot, you need to repot the succulent. After removing the plant from its previous soil, remove the soil mix in the roots and cut off those brown or black colored roots because if you don’t, they will indeed affect the healthy ones. Let the plant rest for three days before replanting into its new home. Solving leaf rot is much easier. It would help if you cut off the affected leaf using a clean knife or scissors.
- Wrinkled, dry, and unpleasantly-looking foliage – Underwatering, your Haworthia Truncata, is as dangerous as overwatering it. Even though this succulent is drought tolerant, it can’t still thrive without water. To solve this problem, you need to adjust your watering schedule and water the plant every two to three weeks. Haworthia Truncata will soon recover if you do this.
- Sunburned leaves – If you place the Haworthia Truncata under direct sun for a long time, brown spots will appear on its leaves. Immediately removed the affected leaves completely using a knife. You can avoid this from happening by providing your Haworthia Truncata sun exposure from 5 am to 11 am then putting it in a partial shade afterward.
Is Haworthia Truncata toxic?
No, Haworthia was proven non-toxic to humans and pets. It is safe to have this plant around.
However, it is not advisable to eat this succulent as it is not an edible plant. Digesting Haworthia Truncata may cause diarrhea, vomiting, and stomachache. It is better to put this succulent in a location not reachable to children and pets.
How to help Haworthia Truncata survive in winter?
Winter is the most crucial season for Haworthia Truncata. During this time, it needs extra care for this succulent to survive. Haworthia Truncata needs less watering in winter compared to summer. Watering it once a month will suffice.
Also, it is best to transfer Haworthia Truncata indoors during winter to avoid exposing it to extreme cold. Use a grow light to help your plant thrive even without sunlight. You can use an LED or fluorescent light. Ensure that the grow light and the Haworthia Truncata are 6 to 18 inches away from each other to avoid burning the leaves. Rotate the plant from time to time to ensure that each side absorbs light.
Propagation of Haworthia Truncata
Haworthia Truncata is a succulent that you can propagate in three easy ways. That is through leaves, offsets, and seeds. You can find more propagation guides and tips below.
Propagating Haworthia Truncata through leaf cuttings
In reproducing by leaf cuttings, you need to have a grown Haworthia Truncata with matured leaves. Using a clean knife or scissor, cut the leaves entirely without leaving any part of them from the stem.
Airdry the leaves for three days to a week to let it completely callous. After that, prepare a shallow planting container that can accommodate all the cuttings, make sure to use a well-draining soil mix.
Lay the leaves in the pot and ensure that they get enough sunlight and water. Wait for them to roots before planting them individually.
Propagating Haworthia Truncata through offsets
This method is the easiest. All you need to do is to remove the offsets from the mother Haworthia Truncata using a shovel.
Let the roots form callous for a week, and make sure to cut off roots that have a brown or dark color if any. Plant the offsets individually into their new pots and water them once a week after planting them.
Propagating Haworthia Truncata through seeds
Reproducing Haworthia Truncata by seeds takes a longer time than doing it by leaves or offsets. In doing this, secure good-quality Haworthia Truncata seeds.
Prepare a shallow planting tray with a well-draining soil mix, then spread them along the soil’s surface. Please do not cover the seeds with soil as it will be difficult for them to make their way up when they germinate and grow roots.
After they have developed more extensive roots, you can transfer them separately to their new pots.
Haworthia Truncata is one of those succulents which are adaptive and not sensitive to changes. That is why it is an easy to care houseplant. Because also of its unusual appearance, it has become one of most gardeners’ favorite.
There is nothing not to love about Haworthia Truncata. Try collecting one, and you surely won’t regret it. Happy planting!